Is there an inverted U-shape relationship between job demands and work engagement: The moderating role of social support

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine the possibility of an inverted U-shaped relationship between job demands and work engagement, and whether social support moderates this relationship. Design/methodology/approach -- This study uses 307 technical and information technology (IT) managers who responded to an online survey. Multiple regressions are employed to examine linear and curvilinear relationship among variables. Findings -- Overall, results support the applicability of the quadratic effect of job demands on employee engagement. However, only supervisor support, not colleague support, moderated the relationship between job demands and work engagement. Originality/value -- The paper is the first to shed light on the quadratic effect of job demands on work engagement. The findings have noteworthy implications for managers to design optimal job demands that increase employee engagement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-186
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Manpower
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Curvilinear
  • Social Support
  • Job Demands
  • Job Commitment
  • Information Technology
  • Engagement
  • Employees Behaviour

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