Is Bitcoin a hedge? How extreme volatility can destroy the hedge property

Dirk Baur, Lai T. Hoang, Zakir Hossain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A large literature tests whether Bitcoin can hedge portfolio risk, i.e. reduce the risk if added to a portfolio. Intuitively, given the extreme volatility and thus risk of Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies, the idea that Bitcoin is a hedge may be puzzling. Indeed, we show that for extreme levels of volatility, Bitcoin does not reduce the risk if added to a benchmark equity portfolio. This is not only true on average but also holds for sub-samples, including the COVID-19 crisis period. We conclude that a focus on correlations is not sufficient for extreme levels of volatility.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102655
Number of pages13
JournalFinance Research Letters
Volume47
Early online date19 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

Keywords

  • Bitcoin
  • Hedge
  • Portfolio diversifier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

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