Irish Nationalist and Republican Attitudes to the Good Friday Agreement: Sell-Out or Steppingstone?

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This article examines attitudes across Irish republicanism and nationalism to the 1998 Good Friday Agreement (GFA). The research draws on qualitative interviews conducted between 2009–2018, throughout the nationalist and republican spectrum, charting evolving attitudes across this green base. Interviewees include GFA negotiators, including the SDLP, a key architect of the Agreement, and Sinn Féin, the party that went on to claim ownership of the GFA. Interviews were also conducted with dissident Irish republicans who have never accepted the GFA. This article puts a particular focus on nationalist and republican attitudes to armed actions in pursuit of Irish unity. Further, it examines attitudes across the Irish republican/nationalist spectrum to a potential border-poll, resulting from the central principle of the GFA (consent); and analyses positions on the required 50 % plus one for Irish unity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-95
Number of pages17
JournalTreatises and Documents, Journal of Ethnic Studies
Issue number90
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

© Author 2023. This is an open access article licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercialNoDerivs License (


  • Irish republicanism
  • IRA
  • Irish nationalism
  • SInn Féin
  • SDLP
  • Dissident republicanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)


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