Involving Local Fishing Communities in Policy Making: Addressing Illegal Fishing in Indonesia

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    Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has been identified by the UN as one of the seven major threats to global maritime security; it causes loss of economic revenue, severe environmental damage, and far-reaching livelihood implications for coastal communities. Indonesia, by far the biggest archipelagic state, faces enormous challenges in all aspects of IUU fishing and addressing those is one of the current Indonesian Government’s top priorities. This article addresses the under-researched dimension of how IUU fishing affects fishing communities. With the use of collage making focus groups with fishermen from different Indonesian fishing communities, the research highlights the interrelated environmental (depletion of resources), socio-economic (unbridled illegal activities at sea), cultural (favouritism) and political (weak marine governance) dimensions of IUU fishing as experienced at the local level. However, the research also indicates a strong will by fishermen to be seen as knowledge agents who can help solve the problem by better dissemination of information and cooperation between the local government(s) and the fishing communities. The article concludes by arguing for the involvement of local fishing communities in national and international policy making that addresses IUU fishing.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number103708
    JournalMarine Policy
    Early online date10 Oct 2019
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

    Bibliographical note

    NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Marine Policy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Marine Policy, 109, (2019) DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2019.103708

    © 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


    This work was supported by the ESRC/AHRC [Trans-National Organised Crime Call; Project Title: ‘The Maritime dimension of transnational organized crime: Engaging Indonesian law enforcement agencies and coastal communities in the land-sea nexus; ESRC grant reference ES/P001289/1];
    the British Council [Newton Fund Institutional Links; Project Title: Decreasing the vulnerability of Indonesia’s fishing communities: Countering the threats of illegal and unsustainable fishing; grant reference: 261872695


    • Illegal Fishing
    • Maritime Security
    • Indonesia
    • local fishing communities
    • collage making
    • Collage making
    • Local fishing communities
    • Maritime security
    • Illegal fishing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences(all)
    • Environmental Science(all)
    • Economics and Econometrics
    • Aquatic Science
    • Law
    • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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