Investigation of regenerative and anti-lock braking interaction

Selim Oleksowicz, Keith Burnham, P. Barber, B. Toth-Antal, G. Waite, G. Hardwick, C. Harrington, J. Chapman

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22 Citations (Scopus)


The use of a regenerative braking mode can reduce overall vehicle energy usage for most of the most common drive cycles. However, a number of technical issues restrict the use of regenerative braking for all possible braking situations. These issues are concerned with two key limitations. The first is related to physical limitations of the applied regenerative braking system, e.g. Electric Motor (E-Motor) power limits; energy storage device capacity and vehicle load transfer etc. The second limitation results from the potentially detrimental interaction between regenerative braking and the Anti-locking Braking System (ABS). The first type of limitation can, to some extent, be alleviated by suitable choice of hardware and, as a consequence, will not be discussed further in this paper. The second type of limitation concerns the regenerative braking strategies during an ABS event. Some of the regenerative braking strategies designed and investigated within the Low Carbon Vehicle Technology Project (LCVTP) will be described and analyzed in this paper. A comparison of competing strategies is made and conclusions are drawn together with suggestions for further research. The work has been progressed as a part of a major research programme; namely the LCVTP, which has been conducted within an extensive industrial and academic partnership, mutually funded by the European Regional Development Found and Advantage West Midlands.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-650
JournalInternational Journal of Automotive Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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  • anti-lock braking system
  • brakes blending
  • braking strategies
  • braking system
  • regenerative braking


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