Investigating the performance of 410, PH13-8Mo and 300M steels in a turning process with a focus on surface finish

Chris Taylor, Fernanda Diaz, Raul Alegre, Thawhid Khan, Pedro Arrazola, James Griffin, Sam Turner

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    2 Citations (Scopus)
    52 Downloads (Pure)


    This study generated novel behavioural data for three engineering steels undergoing a turning process. The materials were hardened 410, PH13-8Mo and 300M, two stainless steels and one high strength steel respectively. A primary aim was obtaining low machined surface roughness. A surface finish investigation compared tool geometries and tool materials. Multi-response cutting parameter screening was undertaken using a novel trade study and iteration method, where the calculated cut quality was used to identify better feed rates and surface speeds. In addition the sub-surface machined microstructure was examined. Tools with a small nose radius produced the roughest surfaces. A surface roughness below 0.4 μm Ra could be consistently achieved on all three materials using rhombic wiper inserts and a feed rate up to 0.1 mm/rev. PH13-8Mo had the lowest machined surface roughness, as low as 0.11 μm in terms of Ra. In the parameter screening stage a generalised recommendation for good cut quality was a surface speed of at least 120 m/min and a feed rate of 0.088 mm/rev. The microstructure examination showed that for all materials under the conditions tested, there was no evidence of white amorphous layer formation and there was grain deformation for the 410 material only.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number109062
    Number of pages19
    JournalMaterials and Design
    Early online date15 Aug 2020
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

    Bibliographical note

    © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license(


    • Hardened steels
    • Machinability
    • Surface finish
    • Turning

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering


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