Investigating the effects of two fragrances on cabin comfort in an automotive environment

Alexandre Gentner, Giuliano Gradinati, Carole Favart, Kojo Sarfo Gyamfi, James Brusey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: For passengers in private or public transportation systems, comfort is a major interest. Available comfort models are already used to correlate thermal comfort to influencing factors. However, the available models do not other sensory comfort aspect and specific influences as fragrances and ambient light. OBJECTIVE: This publication investigates the impact of fragrances with “warm” and “cold” associated meanings on thermal and overall comfort perception. METHODS: Human subject trials (n = 47) were performed in different temperature-controlled environments following a 3×3 within-subject design considering ambient fragrance (“neutral scent”, “peppermint”, “orange & cinnamon”) and ambient light as variables. RESULTS: Olfactory comfort is shown to have the larger effect on overall comfort perception, comparable in weight to the one of thermal comfort. The impact observed on thermal sensation was in line with the meanings associated the fragrances, whereas it was positive on thermal comfort appreciation regardless of the type of fragrance diffused. CONCLUSIONS: These initial results suggest that olfactory stimulations have the potential to positively impact thermal and overall comfort. The appreciation of the fragrance appears to have a major impact on these interactions and should be deeply considered in future research and features development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S101-S110
Number of pages10
Issue numbers1
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2021


  • Overall comfort
  • automotive context
  • fragrance diffusion
  • olfactory comfort
  • thermal comfort

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigating the effects of two fragrances on cabin comfort in an automotive environment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this