Integration of green and lean practices for sustainable business management

Rajesh Kr Singh, Sachin Kumar Mangla, Manjot Singh Bhatia, Sunil Luthra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)


The integrated implementation of lean and green systems can assist managers in achieving environmental and economic performance. The benefits of this integration include improved quality of the environment, superior interactions with channel partners and consumers, reduction in lead times and overall costs, and so forth. This research seeks to evaluate the solutions for integrated implementation of green and lean practices to overcome the barriers in the manufacturing industry. The barriers are categorized as managerial, technological, organizational and cultural, individual and quality barriers. In this study, a fuzzy AHP and fuzzy TOPSIS based framework has been proposed. From the analysis, it is found that application of quality control tools, reduction in lead-time, use of right first time approach and use of new technology and product innovations are the most significant among the solution alternatives that the manufacturing firms should consider to overcome obstacles in implementation of green and lean systems. To the best of authors' knowledge, this is the first study to examine prominent solutions to overcome barriers with regard to integrated operation of green and lean performance. The ranking of the solutions will be useful for managers in the manufacturing firms to make best strategic decisions for reducing their waste and improving performance. Mangers can concentrate on the most prominent solutions and formulate the appropriate strategies accordingly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-370
Number of pages18
JournalBusiness Strategy and the Environment
Issue number1
Early online date27 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Singh, RK, Kumar Mangla, S, Bhatia, MS & Luthra, S 2022, 'Integration of green and lean practices for sustainable business management', Business Strategy and the Environment, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 353-370.,which has been published in final form at
This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.

This document is the author’s post-print version, incorporating any revisions agreed during the peer-review process. Some differences between the published version and this version may remain and you are advised to consult the published version if you wish to cite from it.


  • climate change
  • environmental management
  • fuzzy AHP
  • fuzzy TOPSIS
  • green
  • lean
  • sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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