Inhibition of T cell response in vitro by an antiody against a novel lymphocyte surface molecule (QCA-1)

Jaap Kamplnga, Frans G.M. Kroese, Gerda H. Pol, Boelo Meedendrop, Jaap Van Eendenburg, Herman Groen, Johan Van Den Bogaerde, Paul Nieuwenhuis, Bruce Roser, Richard Aspinall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


We have identified an antigen present on the surface of lymphocytes in the rat which appears to play an important role in the preliminary stages of the immune response. This antigen, which we have called quiescent cell antigen 1 because of its apparent expression only on quiescent cells, is present on the majority of peripheral T and B cells and a small percentage of thymocytes which are located mainly in the medullary region. SDS -PAGE analysis of membrane molecules shows two bands on unreduced gels at -43 and 47 kd. On reduction the bands ran at -46 and 60 kd. When a monoclonal antibody against this antigen (HIS45) is present in an allogeneic mixed leukocyte reaction, it inhibtts the proliferation of responding cells completely. When the antibody HIS45 is added to cytotoxic T lymphocyte mediated iysis assays it does not inhibit lysls nor does it affect the spectficity of this lysls. Comparison with other antibodies which have been reported to affect lymphocyte function in rats and in other species fail to reveal any which have similar properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-920
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Immunology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • Antigen recognition
  • QCA-1
  • Rat
  • T cell activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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