Influence of workplace flexibility on employee engagement among young generation

Shi Hao Lee, Chin Wei Chong, Adedapo Oluwaseyi Ojo

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Workplace flexibility has become increasingly popular and important within the landscape of human resource management especially during and even after the COVID19-pandemic among young working adults. The objective of this study is to identify the influence of four forms of workplace flexibility on employee engagement. The study used online questionnaire and were answered by 185 young working adults below 30 years old as of 2022 through Google Form. The data were analyzed by using partial least square (PLS) structural equation modelling (SEM) technique. The study found that workspace flexibility and operational flexibility have significant positive relationships with employee engagement. This study provides practical and direct implications for business and society. Besides that, this research also adds values to the understanding of workplace flexibility and employee engagement for human resource scholars.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalCogent Business and Management
Issue number1
Early online date5 Feb 2024
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. the terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the accepted Manuscript in a repository by the author(s) or with their consent.


  • Workplace flexibility
  • employee engagement
  • working time flexibility
  • workspace flexibility
  • functional
  • flexibility
  • operational flexibility
  • young working adults


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