Influence of power ultrasound on the portland cement pore solution compositions

Ahmad Ehsani, Esmaiel Ganjian, Mark Tyrer, Timothy Mason, Mark Bateman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

Abstract

The composition of the cement pore solution reflects the kinetics of hydration process and determine essential insight into the rate at which cement phases hydrated. This characterization can therefore provide information about the stable and unstable solid phases which may precipitate and dissolve, respectively. Power ultrasound (PUS) is currently under consideration to improve the hydration of cementitious materials and to promote the effectiveness of replacing supplementary cementitious materials; SCMs, in terms of mechanical, microstructural and transport properties. This could enhance the properties of cementitious composites, reduce the quantity of waste materials, as well as decreasing the CO2 footprint of cementitious materials. This
study investigates the effect of direct PUS on the Portland cement pore solution compositions at early hydration using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) technique. The sonication influence is also inspected by microstructure study of the cement paste using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results shows PUS increases high and low concentration ions in the cement pore solution due to the physical and chemical effect of acoustic cavitation, speeding up the hydration process and enhancing the Portland cement performance. The SEM micrographs indicates the more volume of compacted solid phases of hydration products.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication39th Cement and Concrete Science Conference 2019
EditorsRichard Ball, Barrie Dams, Veronica Ferrandiz-Mas, Xinyuan Ke, Kevin Paine , Mark Tyrer, Pete Walker
Place of PublicationUniversity of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
Publisher University of Bath
Pages138-138
ISBN (Print)9780861972012
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sep 2019
Event39th Cement and Concrete Science Conference 2019
- University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Sep 201910 Sep 2019
Conference number: 39th

Conference

Conference39th Cement and Concrete Science Conference 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBath
Period9/09/1910/09/19

Fingerprint

hydration
cement
scanning electron microscopy
cavitation
footprint
ultrasound
microstructure
acoustics
spectroscopy
plasma
kinetics
material
ion
effect

Keywords

  • Pore solution
  • Power Ultrasound
  • Portland cement paste
  • ICP-OES
  • Hydration
  • Sonocrystallization

Cite this

Ehsani, A., Ganjian, E., Tyrer, M., Mason, T., & Bateman, M. (2019). Influence of power ultrasound on the portland cement pore solution compositions. In R. Ball, B. Dams, V. Ferrandiz-Mas, X. Ke, K. Paine , M. Tyrer, & P. Walker (Eds.), 39th Cement and Concrete Science Conference 2019 (pp. 138-138). [049] University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom: University of Bath.

Influence of power ultrasound on the portland cement pore solution compositions. / Ehsani, Ahmad; Ganjian, Esmaiel; Tyrer, Mark; Mason, Timothy; Bateman, Mark.

39th Cement and Concrete Science Conference 2019. ed. / Richard Ball; Barrie Dams; Veronica Ferrandiz-Mas; Xinyuan Ke; Kevin Paine ; Mark Tyrer; Pete Walker. University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom : University of Bath, 2019. p. 138-138 049.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

Ehsani, A, Ganjian, E, Tyrer, M, Mason, T & Bateman, M 2019, Influence of power ultrasound on the portland cement pore solution compositions. in R Ball, B Dams, V Ferrandiz-Mas, X Ke, K Paine , M Tyrer & P Walker (eds), 39th Cement and Concrete Science Conference 2019., 049, University of Bath, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom, pp. 138-138, 39th Cement and Concrete Science Conference 2019
, Bath, United Kingdom, 9/09/19.
Ehsani A, Ganjian E, Tyrer M, Mason T, Bateman M. Influence of power ultrasound on the portland cement pore solution compositions. In Ball R, Dams B, Ferrandiz-Mas V, Ke X, Paine K, Tyrer M, Walker P, editors, 39th Cement and Concrete Science Conference 2019. University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom: University of Bath. 2019. p. 138-138. 049
Ehsani, Ahmad ; Ganjian, Esmaiel ; Tyrer, Mark ; Mason, Timothy ; Bateman, Mark. / Influence of power ultrasound on the portland cement pore solution compositions. 39th Cement and Concrete Science Conference 2019. editor / Richard Ball ; Barrie Dams ; Veronica Ferrandiz-Mas ; Xinyuan Ke ; Kevin Paine ; Mark Tyrer ; Pete Walker. University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom : University of Bath, 2019. pp. 138-138
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AB - The composition of the cement pore solution reflects the kinetics of hydration process and determine essential insight into the rate at which cement phases hydrated. This characterization can therefore provide information about the stable and unstable solid phases which may precipitate and dissolve, respectively. Power ultrasound (PUS) is currently under consideration to improve the hydration of cementitious materials and to promote the effectiveness of replacing supplementary cementitious materials; SCMs, in terms of mechanical, microstructural and transport properties. This could enhance the properties of cementitious composites, reduce the quantity of waste materials, as well as decreasing the CO2 footprint of cementitious materials. Thisstudy investigates the effect of direct PUS on the Portland cement pore solution compositions at early hydration using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) technique. The sonication influence is also inspected by microstructure study of the cement paste using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results shows PUS increases high and low concentration ions in the cement pore solution due to the physical and chemical effect of acoustic cavitation, speeding up the hydration process and enhancing the Portland cement performance. The SEM micrographs indicates the more volume of compacted solid phases of hydration products.

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