Influence of parental overweight on the association of birth weight and fat distribution later in childhood

Amanda R.A. Adegboye, Lars B. Andersen, Niels Wedderkopp, Berit L. Heitmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To examine whether the association between birth weight and fat distribution in childhood is modified by parental overweight. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 728 Danish children aged 8-10 and 14-16 years. The main outcomes were waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, subscapular skinfold, and subscapular-to-triceps skinfold ratio. Analyses were stratified by parental overweight status (none vs. ≥1 overweight parent) for each dependent variable, expressed as z-scores. Results: Birth weight z-score was negatively associated with waist circumference (β-0.08 SD; 95% CI-0.15,-0.02), waist-to-height ratio (β-0.15 SD; 95% CI-0.22,-0.07), and subscapular-to-triceps ratio (β-0.28 SD; 95% CI-0.44,-0.12) after adjustment for sex, age, puberty, preterm birth, BMI, height, socio-economic status, mother's age at delivery, parity, breastfeeding, energy intake, and aerobic fitness in the group with ≥1 overweight parent. Birth weight was negatively associated with subscapular skinfold in groups with (β-0.16 SD; 95% CI-0.24,-0.06) and without overweight parents (β-0.09 SD; 95% CI-0.16,-0.02), but the magnitude of the association was greater in the former group. Conclusion: The association between birth weight and fat distribution seems to be influenced by parental overweight. Lower birth weights are associated with central adiposity among offspring of overweight parents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784-794
Number of pages11
JournalObesity Facts
Issue number5
Early online date27 Oct 2012
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Free access


  • Adiposity
  • Adolescents
  • Children
  • Fat distribution
  • Fetal development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Physiology (medical)


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