Influence of non-occupational physical activity on burnout syndrome, job satisfaction, stress and recovery in fitness professionals

María Jesús Marín-Farrona, Manuel León-Jiménez, Jorge García-Unanue, Leonor Gallardo, Gary Liguori, Jorge López-Fernández

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    6 Citations (Scopus)
    69 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background: This study aimed (1) to analyse the effect of non-occupational physical activity (NOPA) on the stress levels of fitness professionals, and (2) to apply a questionnaire to workers measuring burnout syndrome, working conditions and job satisfaction, and to compare the results with physiological stress and recovery measured objectively through heart rate variability (HRV). Methods: The HRV of 26 fitness instructors was recorded during 2–5 workdays using Firstbeat Bod-yguard 2. Participants also completed a questionnaire (CESQT) measuring working conditions and job satisfaction variables and occupational burnout syndrome. Results: NOPA showed a negative association with both the percentage of stress (p < 0.05) and stress–recovery ratio (p < 0.01), and a positive association with the percentage of recovery (p < 0.05). Better work conditions (working hours, salary satisfaction and length of service) were associated with lower stress in fitness profes-sionals. Conclusions: NOPA appears to improve the stress levels of fitness instructors in this study cohort. Self-reported burnout levels measured through the CESQT questionnaire do not coincide with the physiological stress responses measured through HRV. Better working conditions appear to reduce the stress response in fitness professionals.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number9489
    JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
    Volume18
    Issue number18
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Sept 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    Acknowledgments: M.M.-F. acknowledges the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities and the Formation of University Teachers for funding the development of her PhD (grant number: FPU19/00146). J.G.-U. acknowledges “Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional, Programa Operativo de la Región de Castilla-La Mancha” (2018/11744) for funding the development of his research.

    Funding Information:
    Funding: This research was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, grant number “FPU19/00146”.

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Keywords

    • CESQT questionnaire
    • Heart rate variability
    • HRV biofeedback
    • Mobile health
    • Personal trainer

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pollution
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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