Influence of cyclic variance on the performance of URANS for pulsating flow upstream of an automotive catalyst monolith

Jonathan M. Saul, S. J. Porter, A. K. Mat Yamin, Humberto J. Medina, Svetlana Aleksandrova, Stephen F. Benjamin

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther

Abstract

CFD predictions using the URANS equations have been compared to phase-averaged and instantaneous PIV pulsating flow fields in a planar diffuser upstream of a catalyst monolith. URANS qualitatively capture the velocity and vorticity fields, in particular the spatial and temporal evolution of the main vortices in the diffuser during the acceleration phase of the cycle. However, they over-predict vortex intensity and hence its residual strength at the beginning of successive pulses. Instantaneous PIV measurements show there is a significant cycle-to-cycle variation in the position and structure of the vortices within the diffuser. This serves to "diffuse" the phase-averaged vortex strength. Alternative simulation techniques such as LES or DNS will be needed if the cyclic variation is to be correctly predicted as this will affect conversion efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventInternal Combustion Engines ICE2015 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 2 Dec 20153 Dec 2015

Conference

ConferenceInternal Combustion Engines ICE2015
Abbreviated titleICE2015
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period2/12/153/12/15

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    Saul, J. M., Porter, S. J., Mat Yamin, A. K., Medina, H. J., Aleksandrova, S., & Benjamin, S. F. (2015). Influence of cyclic variance on the performance of URANS for pulsating flow upstream of an automotive catalyst monolith. Internal Combustion Engines ICE2015, London, United Kingdom.