Inferring knowledge from building monitoring systems: the case for wireless sensing in residential buildings

Elena Gaura, James Brusey, Ross Wilkins

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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    Abstract

    Following more than a decade of intensive research work, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are commonly acknowledged today as proven research instruments for several application domains. In particular, they have made notable contributions to the understanding of our natural environment and habitats (through detailed monitoring of glaciers, forests, rivers and volcanoes). WSNs strengths are derived from their ability to unveil spatio-temporal patterns and thus enable both global and detailed interpretation of complex environmental phenomena. The built environment has been, till recently, one of the least explored application domains for WSNs, in spite of their obvious suitability: i.e low data rates, friendly deployment environment, physical sensors availability, mains power for servers, energy harvesting opportunities (solar) for sensors powering. The authors will share findings and work towards holistic performance metrics based on 11 data sets obtained during a total of 2.5 years of deployed monitoring in 10 homes (with an average of 50 sensors per home). The homes exhibited large variations in their energy and environmental performance, were heated by a variety of mechanical systems and occupied by several family archetypes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Fingerprint

    Wireless sensor networks
    Monitoring
    Sensors
    Glaciers
    Volcanoes
    Energy harvesting
    Servers
    Rivers
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    Bibliographical note

    Paper presented at the NSTI Conference on Clean Technology,
    held 13-16 Jun 2011 in Boston, USA.
    © 2011 NSTI http://nsti.org. Reprinted and revised, with permission, from the Proceedings of the NSTI Conference on Clean Technology, held 13-16 Jun 2011, Boston, USA.

    Keywords

    • WSN
    • green homes
    • residential buildings
    • retrofit
    • comfort
    • energy
    • in-field evaluation

    Cite this

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    AB - Following more than a decade of intensive research work, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are commonly acknowledged today as proven research instruments for several application domains. In particular, they have made notable contributions to the understanding of our natural environment and habitats (through detailed monitoring of glaciers, forests, rivers and volcanoes). WSNs strengths are derived from their ability to unveil spatio-temporal patterns and thus enable both global and detailed interpretation of complex environmental phenomena. The built environment has been, till recently, one of the least explored application domains for WSNs, in spite of their obvious suitability: i.e low data rates, friendly deployment environment, physical sensors availability, mains power for servers, energy harvesting opportunities (solar) for sensors powering. The authors will share findings and work towards holistic performance metrics based on 11 data sets obtained during a total of 2.5 years of deployed monitoring in 10 homes (with an average of 50 sensors per home). The homes exhibited large variations in their energy and environmental performance, were heated by a variety of mechanical systems and occupied by several family archetypes.

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