Individual vs. Group-based Strategies for Weight Loss and Management in Adults: Pen Profile Perceptions

Cain Clark, Amie Chambers, John F.T. Fernandes, Martin Musalek, Robert Podstawski, Emma Eyre, Michael Duncan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of barriers, facilitators, strategies and successes in individual vs. group-based weight management programmes.

Forty-two, overweight (Body Mass Index ≥ 25-kg.m2) participants (aged 32-63y) volunteered to take part in this study. All participants completed a 3-month weight loss programme, randomised to a group-based (n = 21), or self-monitoring only (n = 21) approach, respectively. Participants subsequently participated in a semi-structured interview (60 ± 7 min) to explore individual and collective perceptions of barriers, facilitators, strategies and successes.

Convergent themes were found for individual and group strategies for facilitators, strategies and successes. Divergent themes were found between groups for barriers, group participants highlighted expense of commercial products, and knowledge of nutrition and dieting, whilst individual participants reported (lack of) social support from peers, (lack of) motivation, and occupation.

Key stakeholders, facilitators, and individuals must consider these factors prior to the advocation any weight loss strategy.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100225
JournalObesity Medicine
Early online date23 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Weight-loss
  • Management
  • Strategy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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