Individual vs. Group-based Strategies for Weight Loss and Management in Adults: Pen Profile Perceptions

Cain Clark, Amie Chambers, John F.T. Fernandes, Martin Musalek, Robert Podstawski, Emma Eyre, Michael Duncan

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Abstract

Aims
The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of barriers, facilitators, strategies and successes in individual vs. group-based weight management programmes.

Methods
Forty-two, overweight (Body Mass Index ≥ 25-kg.m2) participants (aged 32-63y) volunteered to take part in this study. All participants completed a 3-month weight loss programme, randomised to a group-based (n = 21), or self-monitoring only (n = 21) approach, respectively. Participants subsequently participated in a semi-structured interview (60 ± 7 min) to explore individual and collective perceptions of barriers, facilitators, strategies and successes.

Results
Convergent themes were found for individual and group strategies for facilitators, strategies and successes. Divergent themes were found between groups for barriers, group participants highlighted expense of commercial products, and knowledge of nutrition and dieting, whilst individual participants reported (lack of) social support from peers, (lack of) motivation, and occupation.

Conclusion
Key stakeholders, facilitators, and individuals must consider these factors prior to the advocation any weight loss strategy.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100225
JournalObesity Medicine
Volume18
Early online date23 Mar 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Obesity Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Obesity Medicine, 18, (2020) DOI: 10.1016/j.obmed.2020.100225

© 2020, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Weight-loss
  • Management
  • Strategy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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