The Syrian hamster—to-rat represents an example of a concordant species difference, and therefore organ transplants using the hamster as the donor and the rat as the recipient are not rejected hyperacutely, as in discordant species combinations. Cellular mechanisms of xenogeneic rejection of hamster hearts by rats were studied both in vitro and in vivo, using monoclonal antibodies to rat T cell antigens. The results of this study reveal that CD4-positive cells of rats proliferated in vitro to both allogeneic stimulators and xenogeneic stimulators from a concordant strain, but required accessory cells of the responder phenotype to proliferate to discordant human stimulators. Monoclonal antibody therapy was used to prevent graft rejection in allogeneic and xenogeneic species combinations, using the rat as the recipient. Treatment with anti-CD4 antibodies was effective in prolonging allograft survival across a full MHC mismatch. No rejection occurred during antibody therapy, and long-term graft survival was achieved in Vs of transplanted grafts. The same monoclonal antibody therapy led to increased survival of grafts from hamster donors, but all of these grafts were rejected during therapy, and no long-term graft survival was achieved. Anti-CD8 antibody therapy, combined with anti-CD4 did not improve survival of hamster hearts in rats. Addition of cyclosporine to the anti-CD4 regimen also did not improve graft survival. Injection of an anti-T cell receptor antibody was no better than the anti-CD4 antibody in prolonging the survival times of heart grafts from the concordant xenogeneic species. These data suggest that the rejection of concordant xenogeneic tissue is not wholly a T cell—dependent phenomenon.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
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