In situ investigation of the crystallization kinetics and the mechanism of grain refinement in aluminum alloys

N. Iqbal, N. H. van Dijk, S. E. Offerman, N. Geerlofs, M. P. Moret, L. Katgerman, G. J. Kearley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


The crystallization kinetics during the liquid to solid phase transformation of pure aluminium and various Al-Ti-B alloys is investigated using differential thermal analysis (DTA) and three-dimensional X-ray diffraction (3D XRD). A reduced undercooling required to activate nucleation of aluminum grains is observed, when both solute titanium and TiB2 particles are present in the liquid. The cooling rate dependence of the onset temperature To, the crystallization peak temperature TP, and the latent heat ΔH are evaluated and compared for all samples. The DTA curves for slow cooling of an Al-0.3Ti-0.02B (wt.%) alloy illustrate the formation of an aluminide phase (TiAl3) upon solidification. A comparison of the DTA curves during slow cooling of the hypoperitectic Al-0.1Ti-0.1TiB2 (wt.%) and the hyperperitectic Al-0.3Ti-0.02B (wt.%) alloys seem to exhibit a kinetic similarity at the onset of the solidification. In situ 3D XRD measurements clearly exhibit the formation of a metastable TiAl3 phase prior to solidification of both alloys. This explains the mechanism of grain refinement in the presence of solute titanium and TiB2 particles in the grain refined aluminum alloys. The influence of titanium diffusion, latent heat, and cooling rate on the growth behaviour of individual aluminium grains during the phase transformation is further quantified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-32
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminum alloy
  • DTA
  • Kinetics
  • Nucleation
  • Synchrotron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'In situ investigation of the crystallization kinetics and the mechanism of grain refinement in aluminum alloys'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this