Improving patient outcomes: Effectively training healthcare staff in psychological practice skills: A mixed systematic literature review

K. Garzonis, E. Mann, A. Wyrzykowska, P. Kanellakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Training is an important part of modern European healthcare services and is often cited as a way to improve care quality. To date, various training methods have been used to impart skills relevant to psychological practice in a variety of mental health professionals. However, patient outcomes are rarely used in evaluating the effectiveness of the different training methods used, making it difficult to assess true utility. In the present review, we consider methods of training that can effectively impact trainee and patient outcomes. To do so, PubMed, PsycNET, Scopus, CENTRAL and ERIC were searched for studies on training of healthcare staff in psychological practice approaches. In total, 24 studies were identified (16 quantitative and 8 qualitative). For the most part, group, individual, and web-based training was used. A variety of health professionals were trained in skills including ‘communication’, ‘diagnosis’, and ‘referral’ to name but a few. In the majority of studies staff skill level improved. These findings hold implications for the design, implementation, and evaluation of training for mental healthcare staff.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-556
JournalEurope's Journal of Psychology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the
original work is properly cited

Keywords

  • Communication
  • General practitioners
  • Mental health professionals
  • Multidisciplinary team
  • Nurses
  • Professional development
  • Psychology
  • Skills
  • Training

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