Improvement of a System for Catchment, Pretreatment, and Treatment of Runoff Water Using PIV Tests and Numerical Simulation

M. Alonso-Martinez, A. Navarro-Manso, D. Castro-Fresno, F. P. Alvarez-Rabanal, J. J. del Coz Diaz

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5 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)


This paper studies how to improve the efficiency of a new system for catchment, pretreatment, and treatment of runoff water (SCPT). This system is integrated into an urban sustainable gravity settler that can decrease diffusive pollution. This study provides important advantages for the ecosystem by improving new sustainable drainage to clean runoff water. In this paper, an investigation methodology known as hybrid engineering (HE) was used. HE combines experimental tests and numerical simulations, both of them conducted on a 1:4-scale prototype. In this study, numerical simulations by the finite-volume method (FVM) and experimental tests by particle image velocimetry (PIV) were compared. A strong correlation between the numerical and experimental analysis was found. Next, the efficiency of the SCPT was optimized by design of experiments (DOE). Analysis of experimental and numerical results and their comparison are presented in this paper.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Issue number8
Early online date23 Apr 2014
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

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  • Catchments
  • Comparative studies
  • Numerical analysis
  • Runoff
  • Water treatment
  • Numerical models
  • Computational fluid dynamics technique
  • Water use


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