Impact response of Kevlar/rubber composite

Amin Khodadadi, Gholamhossein Liaghat, Hamed Ahmadi, Ahmad Reza Bahramian, Omid Razmkhah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
44 Downloads (Pure)


This study aims to investigate the impact performance of composite panels consisting of plain-woven Kevlar fabric and rubber matrix. A finite element (FE) model in conjunction with experimental tests was developed to simulate the response of neat fabric and composite under impact loading. Each warp and weft yarn of fabric was individually modeled and combined with rubber matrix network to form the composite. To understand the effect of natural rubber on impact resistance of Kevlar/rubber composites, two types of rubber with different formulation were considered and their mechanical properties were obtained by split Hopkinson pressure bar tests and assigned to the model. Numerical results showed good agreement with the experimental data for both neat fabric and composite. It was shown that rubber matrix improves the ballistic performance of Kevlar fabric by keeping composite flexibility. High hardness rubber matrix composite has higher energy absorption capacity compared to the low hardness rubber matrix composite, due to presence of stronger intermolecular chains. Additionally, deformation and damage mechanism of fabric and composite were investigated under impact loading. The results were presented, discussed and commented upon.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107880
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Early online date17 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2019

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Composites Science and Technology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Composites Science and Technology, 184, (2019)
DOI: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2019.107880

© 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


  • High velocity impact
  • Kevlar/rubber composite
  • Ls-dyna
  • Energy absorption


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