ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to examine the effects of a short training intervention using two repeated sprint protocols matched for total sprint duration and work:rest ratio.DesignRandomised-controlled trial.MethodsThirty physically active males were randomly allocated to one of two sprint training groups: a 6 s group, a 30 s group or a non-exercising control. The training groups were matched for work:rest ratio and total sprint time per session, and completed 6 training sessions over a 2-week period. Before and after the 2 week training period, participants completed a VO2max test and a 10 km time trial on a cycle ergometer.ResultsTime trial performance increased significantly by 5.1% in 6 s (630 ± 115 s to 598 ± 92 s; p < 0.05) and 6.2% in 30 s (579 ± 68 s to 543 ± 85 s; p < 0.05) from baseline testing, but there was no significant change in the control group (p > 0.05), and no significant difference between exercise groups (p > 0.05). The 6 s group increased peak power output by 9.0% (from 1092 ± 263 W to 1181 ± 248 W; p < 0.05) from sprint session 1 to 6, and the 30 s group by 20.0% (1041 ± 161 W to 1237 ± 159 W; p < 0.05).ConclusionsThis study indicates that both 6 and 30 s bouts of repeated sprint exercise, matched for total sprint duration and W:R can improve athletic performance.
Lloyd Jones, M. C., Morris, M., & Jakeman, J. R. (2017). Impact of time and work:rest ratio matched sprint interval training programmes on performance: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20(11), 1034-1038. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.03.020