Impact of Light Screening and Photosensitization by Surface Water Organic Matter on Enterococcus Faecalis Inactivation

Simón Mostafa, Matteo Rubinato, Fernando L. Rosario-Ortiz, Karl G. Linden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract Sunlight irradiation is known to contribute to microbial inactivation in natural treatment systems (NTS) and surface waters via both direct and indirect processes. This study investigated the influence of various types of organic matter (OM) on endogenous and exogenous photoinactivation of Enterococcus faecalis. Solar simulator exposure experiments were conducted in surface waters and wastewater and in the presence of natural OM isolates and a singlet oxygen (1O2) sensitizer, methylene blue. Presence of both natural and anthropogenic OM resulted in increases in inactivation rates of 17–67% compared to sensitizer-free experiments. This suggests that, while direct and endogenous photoinactivation is hindered with increasing depth due to light screening by OM, its role as a photosensitizer in the formation of reactive intermediates (predominantly involving 1O2) is greater than its negative impact due to light screening at levels typically found in NTS. Specifically, increases in light absorbance (pa...
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-373
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Engineering Science
Volume33
Issue number6
Early online date6 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

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