Impact of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles on Fuel Consumption and Emissions

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Electrification of the vehicle drivetrain is a viable technical alternative to the internal combustion engine (ICE) and has been identified as a key technology in reducing the energy consumption and emissions from the transport sector. The focus of this article is to evaluate the impact upon energy consumption and emissions of differing strategies for electrification of the vehicle drivetrain. The technical structure of an electric drivetrain is described, clarifying that it is a relatively simple compared to an ICE. Measurements of the energy consumption and emissions show a threefold increase in energy efficiency is possible, whilst revealing a significant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions advantage based on the current UK electricity generation mix (with benefits to air quality also noted). It is also noted that improvements in energy efficiency and GHG emissions in the electricity-generating sector can be achieved through controlled vehicle charging. The one issue is that regulation has failed to keep step with changes in policy and diversification of vehicle drivetrain strategies. A proposal for a standardised test and measurement procedure is being developed by the international community to address this, although intrinsic differences in intensity and type of use of vehicles nationally may ultimately slow such activity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)In press
Number of pages11
JournalEngineering & Technology (E&T) Reference
VolumeIn press
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2015

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Hybrid vehicles
Electric vehicles
Fuel consumption
Energy utilization
Internal combustion engines
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Energy efficiency
Electricity
Air quality

Keywords

  • fuel consumption
  • greenhouse gas emission reductiion
  • energy efficiency
  • Uk electricity generation mix
  • GHG emissions
  • vehicle charging control
  • hybrid electric vehicle
  • vehicle drivetrain electrification
  • electricity generating sector
  • energy consumption reduction

Cite this

Impact of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles on Fuel Consumption and Emissions. / Davies, Huw.

In: Engineering & Technology (E&T) Reference, Vol. In press, 29.07.2015, p. In press.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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abstract = "Electrification of the vehicle drivetrain is a viable technical alternative to the internal combustion engine (ICE) and has been identified as a key technology in reducing the energy consumption and emissions from the transport sector. The focus of this article is to evaluate the impact upon energy consumption and emissions of differing strategies for electrification of the vehicle drivetrain. The technical structure of an electric drivetrain is described, clarifying that it is a relatively simple compared to an ICE. Measurements of the energy consumption and emissions show a threefold increase in energy efficiency is possible, whilst revealing a significant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions advantage based on the current UK electricity generation mix (with benefits to air quality also noted). It is also noted that improvements in energy efficiency and GHG emissions in the electricity-generating sector can be achieved through controlled vehicle charging. The one issue is that regulation has failed to keep step with changes in policy and diversification of vehicle drivetrain strategies. A proposal for a standardised test and measurement procedure is being developed by the international community to address this, although intrinsic differences in intensity and type of use of vehicles nationally may ultimately slow such activity.",
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