Impact of chronotype on athletic performance: current perspectives

Laura Roden, Trinity Rudner, Dale Rae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Many of the physiological and psychological qualities that influence an athlete’s performance show diurnal variation. Humans present with a temporal phenotype, their chronotype that affects their preference for morning or evening activity. There is considerable interindividual variation in the phase relationship of physiological processes, hormones and core body temperature to external time due to chronotype. This can lead to differences in the times of peaks of physical performance within a day. Chronotype is thus an important variable in determining optimal times for training and competition and may affect an athlete’s choice of sport or his/her success in it. We review the evidence that chronotype influences athletic performance and speculate about how athletes might overcome the effects of chronotype when their schedule is out of phase with their circadian rhythm.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalChronoPhysiology and Therapy
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • chronotype
  • circadian
  • athletes
  • training
  • training time-of-day
  • individual sports

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