Identifying opportunities and gaps in current evaluation frameworks – the knowns and unknowns in determining effective student engagement activity

Caroline Wilson, Stuart Sims, Jen Dyer, Fiona Handley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)
    30 Downloads (Pure)


    The higher education sector is under increasing pressure to deliver more and to evidence the fruits of its contribution to society. There is a particular focus on the enhanced engagement of students in order to maximise success, and for this engagement to be achieved equitably across the student body, regardless of demographic backgrounds. This calls for the sector to increase its capability to enhance student engagement in a targeted manner, and to be able to evidence success. The purpose of this article is to critically review, as a result of trialling, frameworks which offer guidance on the structuring of student engagement activity and/or encouraging behaviours associated with student engagement whether at student, teacher or institutional level. We assess the value of these frameworks in practice by identifying opportunities provided by them, reveal gaps in how they support effective student engagement activity, and identify further work for the sector in plugging the guidance gaps that lead to sub-optimal evaluation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)843-856
    Number of pages14
    JournalAssessment and Evaluation in Higher Education
    Issue number6
    Early online date12 Sept 2021
    Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2022

    Bibliographical note

    © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


    Funding Information: The authors would like to thank Wilko Luebsen, Evaluation and Insights Lead for London Metropolitan University and co-convenor of the RAISE Research and Evaluation Special Interest Group, for his support in facilitating the initial and analysis stages of this work.


    • student engagement
    • evaluation frameworks
    • equity
    • attainment
    • student outcomes
    • Student engagement

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Education


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