Identifying a gap in existing validation methodologies for intelligent automotive systems: Introducing the 3xD simulator

S. Khastgir, S. Birrell, Gunwant Dhadyalla, P. Jennings

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Recently there has been a growth in the incorporation of autonomous features within vehicles. From being perceived as a comfort feature, autonomous features in vehicles have now become a safety feature which are foreseen to reduce accidents. This has led to a new trend within the automotive industry of focussing on autonomous features for driver safety, which might ultimately lead to fully autonomous vehicles. Considering the fact that most of the accidents on UK roads occur due to driver error, driver-less vehicles would prove to be a benefit. However with automation, an even greater challenge of system validation in all scenarios needs to be addressed. For this, various methods of validation have been developed by different research organizations and manufacturers, but a standardized process still evades the industry. Some of the existing methods have been discussed in this paper to critically compare their quality of results and ease of execution. Subsequently, a new test platform has been proposed using the 3xD driving simulator which encompasses most requirements of a general testing method. A standardized process which would benefit the industry both in terms of reducing costs of having varied processes, and by increasing customer confidence can be developed using a non-invasive platform like the 3xD driving simulator. The novelty of the 3xD simulator is the ability to drive-in any vehicle (production/prototype) and develop testing methodologies in an immersive wireless environment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Proceedings
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4673-7266-4
ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-7265-7
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event2015 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 28 Jun 20151 Jul 2015


Conference2015 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium
Abbreviated titleIV2015
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of


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