Above the upper critical dimension, the breakdown of hyperscaling is associated with dangerous irrelevant variables in the renormalization group formalism at least for systems with periodic boundary conditions. While these have been extensively studied, there have been only a few analyses of finite-size scaling with free boundary conditions. The conventional expectation there is that, in contrast to periodic geometries, finite-size scaling is Gaussian, governed by a correlation length commensurate with the lattice extent. Here, detailed numerical studies of the five-dimensional Ising model indicate that this expectation is unsupported, both at the infinite-volume critical point and at the pseudocritical point where the finite-size susceptibility peaks. Instead the evidence indicates that finite-size scaling at the pseudocritical point is similar to that in the periodic case. An analytic explanation is offered which allows hyperscaling to be extended beyond the upper critical dimension.
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- upper critical dimension
- finite-size scaling
- free boundary conditions