Hydrocarbon Biodegradation in Hard Infrastructure

Stephen J. Coupe, Alan P. Newman, Luis Angel Sañudo Fontaneda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter considers 'hard' sustainable urban drainage systems (SuDS) infrastructure, as opposed to vegetated, green or 'soft'; the structure and function of the latter and the associated biofilm. It considers the pollutants, that confined to hydrocarbon fractions including fuels and lubricating oils, since these are utilised as a source of the nutrients by the microorganisms living in the biofilm. Compared with green SuDS, hard SuDS Structure is relatively easy to construct a laboratory scale model of a PPS or filter drain, which can include the determination of respiration rates, and hence biofilm activity, by the monitoring of carbon dioxide production. For biodegradation to be successful in pervious pavement systems (PPS), there are two important aspects needing to be optimised: improving retention under very heavy oil loading and providing inorganic nutrients. The chapter discusses the most important factor associated with enhancing biodegradation in PPS.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Surface Water Management
Subtitle of host publicationA Handbook for SUDS
EditorsSusanne M. Charlesworth, Colin A. Booth
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781118897690
ISBN (Print)9781118897706
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2016


  • Biofilm
  • Catastrophic pollution events
  • Hard sustainable urban drainage systems infrastructure
  • Hydrocarbon biodegradation
  • Pervious pavement systems
  • Sustainable surface water management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


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