Abstract Current state-of-the-art monitoring and control techniques for lithium-ion cells rely on full-cell potential measurement and occasional surface temperature measurements. However, Li-ion cells are complex multi-layer devices and as such these techniques have poor resolution, limiting applicability. In this work we develop hybrid thermo-electrochemical sensing arrays placed within the cell. The arrays are integrated into A5 pouch cells during manufacture and are used to create thermal maps in parallel with anode and cathode electrochemical data. The sensor array can be adapted to a range of cell formats and chemistries and installed into commercial or other industrially relevant cells, incorporating enhanced thermal and electrochemical diagnostic capability into a standard cell build.
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- energy storage
- in situ instrumentation
- lithium ion batteries