Hurricane María, agroecology, and climate change resiliency

Nelson Álvarez Febles, Georges F. Félix

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island with a long history of agricultural production, although its economy has shifted from agriculture toward an industrial paradigm since the 1950s. Food imports are now the norm, yet local farming has never ceased and the agroecology movement has rescued several Indigenous practices and crops in recent decades, viewed as a means of social and political resistance. In September 2017, Hurricanes Irma and María disrupted an already weakened food system. Environmental vulnerability is coupled with evidence of climate changes: higher temperatures; coastal and mountain soil erosion; and loss of biodiversity. In the aftermath of the disaster, the poor response on behalf of the government was counterbalanced by strong and already existing social networks, particularly among farmers participating in agroecological markets. This chapter discusses and critically analyzes the potential of agroecology to transform the food production system of Puerto Rico in light of its social and political context.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClimate Justice and Community Renewal
Subtitle of host publicationResistance and Grassroots Solutions
EditorsBrian Tokar, Tamra Gilbertson
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780429277146
ISBN (Print)9780367228484, 9780367228491
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Puerto Rico
  • Hurricane María
  • Caribbean

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