Human Trafficking, Forced Labour and Fisheries Crime in the Indonesian Fishing Industry

International Organization for Migration, Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relations, Coventry University

Research output: Book/ReportOther report

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Abstract

In 2015 the mass rescue of foreign fishers trafficked for labour exploitation on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing vessels in Benjina and Ambon highlighted the lack of adequate policing of the fishing industry and a lack of scrutiny of working conditions on vessels and in fish processing plants. The case highlighted the expansive nature of this transnational criminal venture. Victims were recruited from numerous countries and forced to work illegally within Indonesia. National laws and regulations were breached and international conventions ignored. Front companies were established and illegally caught fish transshipped in the Indonesian EEZ and boundary areas, thus preventing interception by the Indonesian authorities. Ultimately the catch entered the global supply chain and was handled by legitimate suppliers of fish, unaware of its provenance and the human toll behind the catch. The situation in Benjina and Ambon is symptomatic of a much broader and insidious trade in people, not only in the Indonesian and Thai fishing industries, but indeed globally. This research provides a glimpse into a far-reaching and well-entrenched criminal industry operating alongside the legitimate fishing industry, and often overlapping. The situation represents the spread of transnational organized crime at sea and the threat it poses as a maritime security threat to nations, and a human security threat to fishers, seafarers and fishing communities.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationJakarta, Indonesia
PublisherInternational Organization for Migration
Number of pages148
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Maritime Security
  • Illegal Fishing
  • forced labour
  • Human Trafficking
  • Indonesia
  • Fisheries Crime

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  • Activities

    • 2 Participation in conference
    • 1 Consultancy
    • 1 Invited talk

    Why Maritime Security Matters? Human exploitation in the Indonesian fishing industry

    Ioannis Chapsos (Speaker)
    28 Feb 2018

    Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk

    Management of the Indo-Asia-Pacific's Maritime Future

    Ioannis Chapsos (Speaker)
    22 Sep 2016

    Activity: Participating in or organising an eventParticipation in conference

    Maritime Security and Migrant Protection in the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea

    Ioannis Chapsos (Organising Committee)
    26 Jul 201627 Jul 2016

    Activity: Participating in or organising an eventParticipation in conference

    Cite this

    International Organization for Migration, Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, & Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relations, Coventry University (2016). Human Trafficking, Forced Labour and Fisheries Crime in the Indonesian Fishing Industry. Jakarta, Indonesia: International Organization for Migration.