Human Capital and Exports: A Micro-level Analysis of Transition Countries

Arta Mulliqi, Nick Adnett, Mehtap Hisarciklilar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of human capital endowments on export intensity employing firm level data for 29 transition economies. A particular focus is placed on comparing and contrasting Central and Eastern Europe countries (CEECs) with those from the former Soviet Union, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The impact of the share of employees with higher education, provision of on-the-job training, years of experience of the top manager and labour cost on export intensity is assessed. To test these relationships, Tobit and Fractional Logit approaches are adopted. The estimation results suggest that, overall, having a more educated workforce exerts a positive impact on the export intensity of firms in transition economies, the magnitude being larger for CEECs. Average labour cost, as an alternative measure, also turns out to exert a positive but stronger impact. Insufficient evidence is found of a role for training programmes and years of experience of the top manager.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-800
Number of pages26
JournalThe Journal of International Trade & Economic Development
Volume28
Issue number7
Early online date11 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2019

Fingerprint

human capital
micro level
Personnel
labor costs
Managers
labor
Central Europe
Eastern Europe
Commonwealth of Nations
Commonwealth of Independent States
manager
higher education
on-the-job training
firm
cost
economy
Costs
Education
USSR
training program

Keywords

  • education
  • Export intensity
  • human capital
  • transition economies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Human Capital and Exports : A Micro-level Analysis of Transition Countries. / Mulliqi, Arta; Adnett, Nick; Hisarciklilar, Mehtap.

In: The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Vol. 28, No. 7, 03.10.2019, p. 775-800.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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