Human behavior and performance in deep space exploration: next challenges and research gaps

Francesco Pagnini, Dietrich Manzey, Elisabeth Rosnet, Denise Ferravante, Olivier White, Nathan Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
73 Downloads (Pure)


As space exploration missions move from low orbit to distant destinations, including the Moon and Mars, new psychological, behavioral, and team challenges will arise. This manuscript represents an up-to-date white paper developed by European experts invited by the European Space Agency (ESA), mapping unfilled research gaps related to the psychology of space exploration, considering the incoming human missions, and accounting for the available scientific knowledge. ESA created the expert team and facilitated its work, but the team was completely independent in terms of contents. The white paper considers basic issues of adaptation, pre-, during-, and post-mission experiences, and possible countermeasures to be developed and tested. The resulting integrative map provides a guide for researchers that are interested in conducting research in the support of future space exploration endeavors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number27
Number of pages7
Journalnpj Microgravity
Issue number1
Early online date30 Mar 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Mar 2023

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