As cars are becoming more automated and connected, their vulnerability to cyberattack is also increasing. This research aims to understand how drivers react to a cyber-attack affecting personal data in a connected and automated car. Thirty-seven participants participated in a driving simulator study where a ransomware popped-up on the centre console while driving in automated mode. An inductive content analysis was conducted to examine drivers’ responses to open-ended questions. The analysis showed that participants identified a range of themes including 1) their interpretation of the ransomware displayed on the in-vehicle screen, 2) the expected effects of this message on the vehicle and its components (automated driving system and in-vehicle display) and 3) the attitudes and feelings drivers experienced. Drivers were primarily concerned about the detrimental effects of the ransomware on the automated driving system and road safety, but were less concerned with respect to personal data encryption. When not ignored, the cyberattack negatively affected trust in the automated system and drivers’ emotions
|Title of host publication
|Human interaction & Emerging Technologies (IHIET)
|Subtitle of host publication
|Artificial Intelligence & Future Applications
|Tareq Ahram, Redha Taiar
|Number of pages
|Published - 2022
|8th International Conference on Human Interaction and Emerging Technologies - Nice, France
Duration: 22 Aug 2022 → 24 Aug 2022
|8th International Conference on Human Interaction and Emerging Technologies
|22/08/22 → 24/08/22
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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/),
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- Cyber Security