Historical Rammed Earth Process Description Thanks to Micromorphological Analysis

E. Hamard, C. Cammas, A. Fabbri, A. Razakamanantsoa, B. Cazacliu, Jean-Claude Morel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)
    44 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Rammed earth was traditionally used in western European countries before industrial building materials replace it during 20th Century. Construction strategies developed by former builders were dictated by locally available construction materials and engendered local constructive cultures. Unfortunately, this knowledge was orally transmitted and is lost today. The rediscovery of these cultures can provide answers to modern rammed earth construction processes. Micromorphological analysis of earth walls provides information to rediscover traditional rammed earth process. This methodology is applied for the first time, on a rammed earth wall of a farm located in Bresse (France). Thanks to this methodology, pedological horizon, extraction depth and location of the material source are identified. The surface area excavated for the construction of the building is estimated. Micromorphological study gives information on mixing degree and water content at implementation time. Strain features associated with ramming effect and rammed earth boundary layer are also highlighted. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Architectural Heritage on 12 Aug 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)314-323
    JournalInternational Journal of Architectural Heritage
    Volume11
    Issue number3
    Early online date12 Aug 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Fingerprint

    Earth (planet)
    Farms
    Water content
    Methodology
    Boundary layers
    France
    Architectural Heritage
    Farm
    Manuscripts
    Rediscovery
    Builders
    Water
    Industrial Buildings
    Layer
    Source Material

    Bibliographical note

    This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in
    International Journal of Architectural Heritage on 12 Aug 2016, available
    online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462

    Keywords

    • architectural heritage
    • earth construction process
    • micromorphology
    • pedology
    • rammed earth

    Cite this

    Historical Rammed Earth Process Description Thanks to Micromorphological Analysis. / Hamard, E.; Cammas, C.; Fabbri, A.; Razakamanantsoa, A.; Cazacliu, B.; Morel, Jean-Claude.

    In: International Journal of Architectural Heritage, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2017, p. 314-323.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Hamard, E. ; Cammas, C. ; Fabbri, A. ; Razakamanantsoa, A. ; Cazacliu, B. ; Morel, Jean-Claude. / Historical Rammed Earth Process Description Thanks to Micromorphological Analysis. In: International Journal of Architectural Heritage. 2017 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 314-323.
    @article{7f58edd840014ed3aaaa8e05631ed3d9,
    title = "Historical Rammed Earth Process Description Thanks to Micromorphological Analysis",
    abstract = "Rammed earth was traditionally used in western European countries before industrial building materials replace it during 20th Century. Construction strategies developed by former builders were dictated by locally available construction materials and engendered local constructive cultures. Unfortunately, this knowledge was orally transmitted and is lost today. The rediscovery of these cultures can provide answers to modern rammed earth construction processes. Micromorphological analysis of earth walls provides information to rediscover traditional rammed earth process. This methodology is applied for the first time, on a rammed earth wall of a farm located in Bresse (France). Thanks to this methodology, pedological horizon, extraction depth and location of the material source are identified. The surface area excavated for the construction of the building is estimated. Micromorphological study gives information on mixing degree and water content at implementation time. Strain features associated with ramming effect and rammed earth boundary layer are also highlighted. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Architectural Heritage on 12 Aug 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462",
    keywords = "architectural heritage, earth construction process, micromorphology, pedology, rammed earth",
    author = "E. Hamard and C. Cammas and A. Fabbri and A. Razakamanantsoa and B. Cazacliu and Jean-Claude Morel",
    note = "This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Architectural Heritage on 12 Aug 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462",
    year = "2017",
    doi = "10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462",
    language = "English",
    volume = "11",
    pages = "314--323",
    journal = "International Journal of Architectural Heritage",
    issn = "1558-3058",
    publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Historical Rammed Earth Process Description Thanks to Micromorphological Analysis

    AU - Hamard, E.

    AU - Cammas, C.

    AU - Fabbri, A.

    AU - Razakamanantsoa, A.

    AU - Cazacliu, B.

    AU - Morel, Jean-Claude

    N1 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Architectural Heritage on 12 Aug 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - Rammed earth was traditionally used in western European countries before industrial building materials replace it during 20th Century. Construction strategies developed by former builders were dictated by locally available construction materials and engendered local constructive cultures. Unfortunately, this knowledge was orally transmitted and is lost today. The rediscovery of these cultures can provide answers to modern rammed earth construction processes. Micromorphological analysis of earth walls provides information to rediscover traditional rammed earth process. This methodology is applied for the first time, on a rammed earth wall of a farm located in Bresse (France). Thanks to this methodology, pedological horizon, extraction depth and location of the material source are identified. The surface area excavated for the construction of the building is estimated. Micromorphological study gives information on mixing degree and water content at implementation time. Strain features associated with ramming effect and rammed earth boundary layer are also highlighted. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Architectural Heritage on 12 Aug 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462

    AB - Rammed earth was traditionally used in western European countries before industrial building materials replace it during 20th Century. Construction strategies developed by former builders were dictated by locally available construction materials and engendered local constructive cultures. Unfortunately, this knowledge was orally transmitted and is lost today. The rediscovery of these cultures can provide answers to modern rammed earth construction processes. Micromorphological analysis of earth walls provides information to rediscover traditional rammed earth process. This methodology is applied for the first time, on a rammed earth wall of a farm located in Bresse (France). Thanks to this methodology, pedological horizon, extraction depth and location of the material source are identified. The surface area excavated for the construction of the building is estimated. Micromorphological study gives information on mixing degree and water content at implementation time. Strain features associated with ramming effect and rammed earth boundary layer are also highlighted. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Architectural Heritage on 12 Aug 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462

    KW - architectural heritage

    KW - earth construction process

    KW - micromorphology

    KW - pedology

    KW - rammed earth

    U2 - 10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462

    DO - 10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462

    M3 - Article

    VL - 11

    SP - 314

    EP - 323

    JO - International Journal of Architectural Heritage

    JF - International Journal of Architectural Heritage

    SN - 1558-3058

    IS - 3

    ER -