Historical Rammed Earth Process Description Thanks to Micromorphological Analysis

E. Hamard, C. Cammas, A. Fabbri, A. Razakamanantsoa, B. Cazacliu, Jean-Claude Morel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)
    69 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Rammed earth was traditionally used in western European countries before industrial building materials replace it during 20th Century. Construction strategies developed by former builders were dictated by locally available construction materials and engendered local constructive cultures. Unfortunately, this knowledge was orally transmitted and is lost today. The rediscovery of these cultures can provide answers to modern rammed earth construction processes. Micromorphological analysis of earth walls provides information to rediscover traditional rammed earth process. This methodology is applied for the first time, on a rammed earth wall of a farm located in Bresse (France). Thanks to this methodology, pedological horizon, extraction depth and location of the material source are identified. The surface area excavated for the construction of the building is estimated. Micromorphological study gives information on mixing degree and water content at implementation time. Strain features associated with ramming effect and rammed earth boundary layer are also highlighted. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Architectural Heritage on 12 Aug 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)314-323
    JournalInternational Journal of Architectural Heritage
    Volume11
    Issue number3
    Early online date12 Aug 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

      Fingerprint

    Bibliographical note

    This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in
    International Journal of Architectural Heritage on 12 Aug 2016, available
    online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15583058.2016.1222462

    Keywords

    • architectural heritage
    • earth construction process
    • micromorphology
    • pedology
    • rammed earth

    Cite this