Variations in the high cycle fatigue response of laser powder bed fusion materials can be caused by the choice of processing and post-processing strategies. The numerous influencing factors arising from the process demand an effective and unified approach to fatigue property assessment. This work examines the use of a neuro-fuzzy-based machine learning method for predicting the high cycle fatigue life of laser powder bed fusion stainless steel 316L. A dataset, consisting of fatigue life data for samples subjected to varying processing conditions (laser power, scan speed and layer thickness), post-processing treatments (annealing and hot isostatic pressing) and cyclic stresses, was constructed for simulating a complex nonlinear input-output environment. The associated fracture mechanisms, including the modes of crack initiation and deformation, were characterised. Two models, by employing the processing/post-processing parameters and the static tensile properties respectively as the inputs, were developed from the training data. Despite the diverse fatigue and fracture properties, the models demonstrated good prediction accuracy when checked against the test data, and the computationally-derived fuzzy rules agree well with understanding of the fracture mechanisms. Direct application of the model to literature results, however, yielded a range of prediction accuracies because of the variability in the reported data. Retraining the model by incorporating the literature results into the dataset led to improved modelling performance.
Bibliographical noteNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Fatigue. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Fatigue, 128, (2019)
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- Neuro-fuzzy modelling
- Stainless steel 316L
- Additive manufacturing