High cycle fatigue and ratcheting interaction of laser powder bed fusion stainless steel 316L: Fracture behaviour and stress-based modelling

Meng Zhang, Chen-Nan Sun, Xiang Zhang, Jun Wei, David Hardacre, Hua Li

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    52 Citations (Scopus)
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    Variations in the physical and mechanical properties of parts made by laser power bed fusion (L-PBF) could be affected by the choice of processing or post-processing strategies. This work examined the influence of build orientation and post-processing treatments (annealing or hot isostatic pressing) on the fatigue and fracture behaviours of L-PBF stainless steel 316L in the high cycle fatigue region, i.e. 104 – 106 cycles. Experimental results show that both factors introduce significant changes in the plastic deformation properties, which affect fatigue strength via the mechanism of fatigue-ratcheting interaction. Cyclic plasticity is characterised by hardening, which promotes mean stress insensitivity and improved fatigue resistance. Fatigue activities, involving the initiation of crack at defects and microstructural heterogeneities, are of greater relevance to the longer life region where the global deformation mode is elastic. As the simultaneous actions of ratcheting and fatigue generate complex nonlinear interactions between the alternating stress amplitude and mean stress, the fatigue properties could not be effectively predicted using traditional stress-based models. A modification to the Goodman relation was proposed to account for the added effects of cyclic plasticity and was demonstrated to produce good agreement with experimental results for both cyclic hardening and softening materials.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)252-264
    Number of pages13
    JournalInternational Journal of Fatigue
    Early online date20 Dec 2018
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

    Bibliographical note

    NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Fatigue. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Fatigue, 121, (2019] DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2018.12.016

    © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

    Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.


    Singapore Economic Development Board (EDB) Industrial Postgraduate Programme (IPP)


    • Additive manufacturing
    • High cycle fatigue
    • Ratcheting
    • Stainless steel 316L
    • Stress-based model

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Modelling and Simulation
    • Materials Science(all)
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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