Heuristic optimization of bone cement distribution for prevention of osteoporotic hip fractures

María E.Santana Artiles, Demetrios T. Venetsanos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a disease characterised by reduction of Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue. From all the osteoporotic fractures, hip fractures are the ones with most serious consequences. A new treatment to prevent these fractures is femoroplasty, consisting of the injection of bone cement into an osteoporotic femur in order to improve its mechanical properties. Injecting large amounts of cement can lead to bone thermal necrosis or create regions of stress concentration. The present study introduces a new evolutionary method for the optimization of the injected bone cement distribution and the minimization of its volume. The new method was numerically applied in a typical case of an osteoporotic femoral augmentation and compared to a powerful deterministic optimization method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCE 2016 - World Congress on Engineering 2016
PublisherNewswood Limited
Pages857-862
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9789881404800
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventWorld Congress on Engineering 2016 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 29 Jun 20161 Jul 2016
Conference number: 24
http://www.iaeng.org/WCE2016/

Conference

ConferenceWorld Congress on Engineering 2016
Abbreviated titleWCE 2016
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period29/06/161/07/16
Internet address

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Bone augmentation
  • Femoroplasty
  • Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Heuristic optimization of bone cement distribution for prevention of osteoporotic hip fractures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Artiles, M. E. S., & Venetsanos, D. T. (2016). Heuristic optimization of bone cement distribution for prevention of osteoporotic hip fractures. In WCE 2016 - World Congress on Engineering 2016 (pp. 857-862). Newswood Limited.