Habitual carbohydrate ingestion reduces the efficacy of oral carbohydrate rinsing during repetitions to failure

Neil D. Clarke, Darren L. Richardson

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Abstract

Carbohydrate mouth rinsing has been reported to enhance exercise performance although individual variation exists. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of habitual dietary carbohydrate intake on the efficacy of rinsing a 6% carbohydrate solution on the number of bench press repetitions to failure at 60% of 1‐RM. Twenty‐one recreationally active male participants (Mean ± SD) (age: 24 ± 4 years, height: 177.8 ± 7.8 cm, body mass: 78.6 ± 8.1 kg; bench press 1‐RM: 73.3 ± 20.5 kg) performed bench press repetitions to failure at 60% 1‐RM following rinsing with 25 mL of a 6% carbohydrate (CHO), an artificially sweetened solution (PLA) and a non‐rising control condition (CON) in a randomised cross‐over design. A 7‐day dietary record was completed prior to the first session and subsequently analysed for daily carbohydrate consumption. The number of repetitions performed during CHO (24 ± 4) was higher than CON [21 ± 4; p < 0.001; 95% CI: 1, 4; d = 0.64], as was PLA [23 ± 4; p = 0.002; 95% CI: 1, 3; d = 0.48]. However, there was a large, negative relationship [r = −0.68 (95% CI: −0.86, −0.36), p < 0.001] between daily relative carbohydrate intake (g kg−1) and the difference in the number of repetitions between CHO and PLA. The present study suggests the existence of an inverse relationship between daily carbohydrate ingestion and the efficacy of carbohydrate mouth rinsing; participants who consumed the most daily carbohydrate were generally less likely to see an increase in performance with carbohydrate rinsing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
Volume(In-Press)
Early online date14 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2024 The Authors. European Journal of Sport Science published by Wiley-VCH GmbH on behalf of European College of Sport Science.

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

Keywords

  • resistance exercise
  • ergogenic
  • arousal diet

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