Grievance, Mobilisation and State Response: An examination of the Naxalite Insurgency in India

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper explores the Naxalite insurgency in India in terms of causal mechanisms that lead to the intensification of rural civil conflict by focusing specifically on grievance, mobilisation and government responses to rebellion. Realist theory is inadequate when analysing the causal factors of complex insurgencies and the mechanisms leading to their continuation. This case illustrates some aspects of intra-state conflict in a very large country, in terms of geography and population, and how the rebels have mobilised grievances at local level. New Delhi has addressed the conflict as both a development and a security challenge, and consequently has oscillated between repression and concession in its responses. This approach has resulted neither in reduction of grievances through adequate rural development, nor in consistent armed response to the Naxalite threat. Without a comprehensive and clear set of state responses, the violence is likely to continue.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-75
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Conflict Transformation and Security
Volume2
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

mobilization
India
examination
concession
repression
rural development
threat
violence
geography

Keywords

  • Naxalite
  • Maoist
  • India
  • Insurgency
  • Grievance
  • Mobilisation
  • State response

Cite this

@article{e66fbf15159545e384162de35e107316,
title = "Grievance, Mobilisation and State Response: An examination of the Naxalite Insurgency in India",
abstract = "This paper explores the Naxalite insurgency in India in terms of causal mechanisms that lead to the intensification of rural civil conflict by focusing specifically on grievance, mobilisation and government responses to rebellion. Realist theory is inadequate when analysing the causal factors of complex insurgencies and the mechanisms leading to their continuation. This case illustrates some aspects of intra-state conflict in a very large country, in terms of geography and population, and how the rebels have mobilised grievances at local level. New Delhi has addressed the conflict as both a development and a security challenge, and consequently has oscillated between repression and concession in its responses. This approach has resulted neither in reduction of grievances through adequate rural development, nor in consistent armed response to the Naxalite threat. Without a comprehensive and clear set of state responses, the violence is likely to continue.",
keywords = "Naxalite, Maoist, India, Insurgency, Grievance, Mobilisation, State response",
author = "Chas Morrison",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "53--75",
journal = "Journal of Conflict Transformation and Security",
issn = "2045-1903",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Grievance, Mobilisation and State Response

T2 - An examination of the Naxalite Insurgency in India

AU - Morrison, Chas

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - This paper explores the Naxalite insurgency in India in terms of causal mechanisms that lead to the intensification of rural civil conflict by focusing specifically on grievance, mobilisation and government responses to rebellion. Realist theory is inadequate when analysing the causal factors of complex insurgencies and the mechanisms leading to their continuation. This case illustrates some aspects of intra-state conflict in a very large country, in terms of geography and population, and how the rebels have mobilised grievances at local level. New Delhi has addressed the conflict as both a development and a security challenge, and consequently has oscillated between repression and concession in its responses. This approach has resulted neither in reduction of grievances through adequate rural development, nor in consistent armed response to the Naxalite threat. Without a comprehensive and clear set of state responses, the violence is likely to continue.

AB - This paper explores the Naxalite insurgency in India in terms of causal mechanisms that lead to the intensification of rural civil conflict by focusing specifically on grievance, mobilisation and government responses to rebellion. Realist theory is inadequate when analysing the causal factors of complex insurgencies and the mechanisms leading to their continuation. This case illustrates some aspects of intra-state conflict in a very large country, in terms of geography and population, and how the rebels have mobilised grievances at local level. New Delhi has addressed the conflict as both a development and a security challenge, and consequently has oscillated between repression and concession in its responses. This approach has resulted neither in reduction of grievances through adequate rural development, nor in consistent armed response to the Naxalite threat. Without a comprehensive and clear set of state responses, the violence is likely to continue.

KW - Naxalite

KW - Maoist

KW - India

KW - Insurgency

KW - Grievance

KW - Mobilisation

KW - State response

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 53

EP - 75

JO - Journal of Conflict Transformation and Security

JF - Journal of Conflict Transformation and Security

SN - 2045-1903

IS - 1

ER -