Greener workplace: understanding senior management's adoption decisions through the Theory of Planned Behaviour

Sukanlaya Sawang, Robbert A Kivits

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Human Resources (HR) policies and practices have changed due to global environmental instability. These policies and practices are key factors for successful environmental management. Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour, this article aims to understand the critical factors which influence senior management's decision to adopt `green' HR practices. Data were collected from 210 organisations in Australia using two separate surveys. Survey one, which was addressed directly to HR managers and directors, contained questions relating to HR policies (the dependent variables), while survey two, which was addressed directly to CEOs and senior managers, contained questions about environmental-related attitudes, subjective norms and perceived control (the independent variables). Results indicated that senior management's environmental-related attitudes, subjective norms from stakeholders and perceived green resource readiness influenced their decision to adopt green HR initiatives. However, attitudes and green resource readiness in particular had greater impacts than subjective norms. Limitations, implications and future research are also outlined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-36
Number of pages15
JournalAustralasian Journal of Environmental Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014

Bibliographical note

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Australasian Journal of Environmental Management on 5th February 2014, available online:


  • Green human resources
  • Theory of planned behaviour
  • Green adoption
  • Green behaviour


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