Grading of Bamboo

Research output: Working paper

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Abstract

Structural designs codes and standards are based on a reliable knowledge of the mechanical properties of materials. Alongside seasoning and preservation, grading plays a fundamental role in the production of reliable, natural structural products such as timber. Unfortunately, grading of bamboo is not implemented in a standardised or systematic manner, if at all. This may partly explain why bamboo, despite its many sustainable attributes, remains a marginal material in engineered structures. Currently, in partnership with the International Standards Organisation (ISO) Coventry University and the International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR) are drafting a grading standard. This INBAR Working Paper presents research into potential grading methodologies for one species of bamboo – Guadua angustifolia Kunth – and recommends criteria for both visual grading and machine grading. For visual grading, the diameter of bamboo culms is deemed to be an important consideration when grading for flexural capacity – a 10 percent increase in external diameter results in a 24 percent increase in flexural capacity. Wall thickness is considered to be critical to shear and tension perpendicular capacities. For machine grading, three main properties were found to be significant: flexural stiffness – important for the design of beams, slender struts and portal frames; linear mass – to help infer density, which is closely correlated to strength properties; and external diameter – which correlated well with flexural capacity and stiffness. It is important to note, that measuring any of these properties can be undertaken in a quick, simple, cost-effective and non-destructive manner. The paper suggests that additional properties that may be critical to design or other applications should be further researched – sheer strength or tensile strength perpendicular to fibres, for instance, which are important to the process of connection design. Implemented effectively, the grading methodologies presented have the potential to enhance the supply of bamboo and deliver positive benefits to producers, contractors, engineers, and consumers.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationBeijing, China
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameINBAR Working Paper
PublisherInternational Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR)

Fingerprint

Bamboo
Stiffness
Codes (standards)
Struts
Timber
Structural design
Contractors
Tensile strength
Engineers
Mechanical properties

Bibliographical note

The full text is also available from: http://www.inbar.int/sites/default/files/Grading%20of%20bamboo_0.pdf
This publication is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). To view this licence, visit
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/. Unless, otherwise noted, you are free to copy, duplicate, or reproduce and distribute, display, or transmit any part of this publication or portions thereof without permission and to make translations, adaptations, or other derivative works under the following conditions:
Attribution: The work must be attributed, but not in any way that suggests endorsement by the publisher or the author(s).
Non-commercial: This work may not be used for commercial purposes.
Share Alike: If this work is altered, transformed, or built upon, the resulting work must be distributed only under the same or similar license to this one.

Keywords

  • bamboos
  • construction
  • grading
  • housing

Cite this

Trujillo, D. (2016). Grading of Bamboo. (INBAR Working Paper). Beijing, China.

Grading of Bamboo. / Trujillo, David.

Beijing, China, 2016. (INBAR Working Paper).

Research output: Working paper

Trujillo, D 2016 'Grading of Bamboo' INBAR Working Paper, Beijing, China.
Trujillo D. Grading of Bamboo. Beijing, China. 2016. (INBAR Working Paper).
Trujillo, David. / Grading of Bamboo. Beijing, China, 2016. (INBAR Working Paper).
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