Getting the measure of remote e-working: a revision and further validation of the E-work life scale

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5 Citations (Scopus)
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Purpose: This paper aimed to revise and further validate the published e-work life (EWL) scale. The EWL scale was originally developed to assess theoretically relevant aspects of the remote e-working experience related to four main areas: organisational trust, flexibility, work–life interference and productivity. Design/methodology/approach: A number of changes were implemented to the scale (i.e. including new items, rewording of existing items) following a recent qualitative study conducted by the authors. The two studies outlined in this paper, conducted within discrete remote e-working populations, resulted in a validated and adjusted 20-item version of the scale. Findings: Study 1 performs confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on data from a sample of 399 remote e-workers (57.9% female) in UK to check the factor structure of the revised version of the EWL scale and the reliability of the posited dimensions. Results provided support for a 20-item scale, replicating the factorial structure of the original version. Study 2 tests and confirms the factorial structure of the final 20-item EWL scale in an independent sample of 366 remote e-workers (48.6% female) in UK. Study 2 provides further evidence of EWL scale's reliability and validity, with the four factors of the scale being significantly correlated with positive mental health, detachment from work and technostress. Originality/value: The EWL scale is a very timely and important tool which provides an overall framework of the key areas that are affecting remote e-workers’ life; whose greater understanding may better prepare organisations to adapt work arrangements and introduce support policies and guidance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-68
Number of pages24
JournalEmployee Relations
Issue number1
Early online date9 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

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  • Flexibility
  • Productivity
  • Remote e-working
  • Scale revision
  • Well-being
  • Work–life balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial relations
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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