Gaseous fuel for lower emissions during the cold start and warming up of spark ignition engines

A. Alashaab, H. Saleh, E. Abo-Serie, B. Rabee, M.A. Aal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Gasoline engines during cold starting (cranking) and warming-up duration, particularly, at low environmental temperatures have negative impact on air pollutions, especially for sub-zero degrees. To achieve a stable engine operation at low environment temperatures, extra fuel has to be injected inside the combustion chamber and as a consequence more emissions particularly hydrocarbons are emitted. In this study, fuel consumption, emissions and engine-start conditions have been examined using different gaseous fuels during the period from the ignition time until the catalyst reaching its lighting off temperature at no load conditions. The results showed that gaseous fuels reduces fuel consumption and emissions due to achieving substantial reduction in the number of engine cranking in addition to the inherent low emission characteristics of gaseous fuel. Hydrogen, in particular, showed superior performance in comparison to other examined gaseous fuels. The significant number of engine-start using 200 g of gaseous fuel particularly hydrogen makes the gaseous fuel viable to be used together with conventional liquid gasoline fuel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-132
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Global Warming
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Internal combustion engines
Engines
Fuel consumption
Gasoline
Hydrogen fuels
Combustion chambers
Air pollution
Temperature
Ignition
Lighting
Hydrocarbons
Hydrogen
Catalysts
Liquids

Keywords

  • gaseous fuel
  • gasoline engines
  • petrol engines
  • hydrogen fuel
  • engine cranking
  • engine cold start emissions
  • low temperature emissions
  • engine warm up emissions
  • low temperature emissions
  • cranking time
  • engine emissions
  • spark ignition engines
  • SI engines
  • air pollution

Cite this

Gaseous fuel for lower emissions during the cold start and warming up of spark ignition engines. / Alashaab, A.; Saleh, H.; Abo-Serie, E.; Rabee, B.; Aal, M.A.

In: International Journal of Global Warming, Vol. 10, No. 1, 21.07.2016, p. 115-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Gaseous fuel for lower emissions during the cold start and warming up of spark ignition engines",
abstract = "Gasoline engines during cold starting (cranking) and warming-up duration, particularly, at low environmental temperatures have negative impact on air pollutions, especially for sub-zero degrees. To achieve a stable engine operation at low environment temperatures, extra fuel has to be injected inside the combustion chamber and as a consequence more emissions particularly hydrocarbons are emitted. In this study, fuel consumption, emissions and engine-start conditions have been examined using different gaseous fuels during the period from the ignition time until the catalyst reaching its lighting off temperature at no load conditions. The results showed that gaseous fuels reduces fuel consumption and emissions due to achieving substantial reduction in the number of engine cranking in addition to the inherent low emission characteristics of gaseous fuel. Hydrogen, in particular, showed superior performance in comparison to other examined gaseous fuels. The significant number of engine-start using 200 g of gaseous fuel particularly hydrogen makes the gaseous fuel viable to be used together with conventional liquid gasoline fuel.",
keywords = "gaseous fuel, gasoline engines, petrol engines, hydrogen fuel, engine cranking, engine cold start emissions, low temperature emissions, engine warm up emissions, low temperature emissions, cranking time, engine emissions, spark ignition engines, SI engines, air pollution",
author = "A. Alashaab and H. Saleh and E. Abo-Serie and B. Rabee and M.A. Aal",
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T1 - Gaseous fuel for lower emissions during the cold start and warming up of spark ignition engines

AU - Alashaab, A.

AU - Saleh, H.

AU - Abo-Serie, E.

AU - Rabee, B.

AU - Aal, M.A.

PY - 2016/7/21

Y1 - 2016/7/21

N2 - Gasoline engines during cold starting (cranking) and warming-up duration, particularly, at low environmental temperatures have negative impact on air pollutions, especially for sub-zero degrees. To achieve a stable engine operation at low environment temperatures, extra fuel has to be injected inside the combustion chamber and as a consequence more emissions particularly hydrocarbons are emitted. In this study, fuel consumption, emissions and engine-start conditions have been examined using different gaseous fuels during the period from the ignition time until the catalyst reaching its lighting off temperature at no load conditions. The results showed that gaseous fuels reduces fuel consumption and emissions due to achieving substantial reduction in the number of engine cranking in addition to the inherent low emission characteristics of gaseous fuel. Hydrogen, in particular, showed superior performance in comparison to other examined gaseous fuels. The significant number of engine-start using 200 g of gaseous fuel particularly hydrogen makes the gaseous fuel viable to be used together with conventional liquid gasoline fuel.

AB - Gasoline engines during cold starting (cranking) and warming-up duration, particularly, at low environmental temperatures have negative impact on air pollutions, especially for sub-zero degrees. To achieve a stable engine operation at low environment temperatures, extra fuel has to be injected inside the combustion chamber and as a consequence more emissions particularly hydrocarbons are emitted. In this study, fuel consumption, emissions and engine-start conditions have been examined using different gaseous fuels during the period from the ignition time until the catalyst reaching its lighting off temperature at no load conditions. The results showed that gaseous fuels reduces fuel consumption and emissions due to achieving substantial reduction in the number of engine cranking in addition to the inherent low emission characteristics of gaseous fuel. Hydrogen, in particular, showed superior performance in comparison to other examined gaseous fuels. The significant number of engine-start using 200 g of gaseous fuel particularly hydrogen makes the gaseous fuel viable to be used together with conventional liquid gasoline fuel.

KW - gaseous fuel

KW - gasoline engines

KW - petrol engines

KW - hydrogen fuel

KW - engine cranking

KW - engine cold start emissions

KW - low temperature emissions

KW - engine warm up emissions

KW - low temperature emissions

KW - cranking time

KW - engine emissions

KW - spark ignition engines

KW - SI engines

KW - air pollution

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