GaN Transistors’ Radiated Switching Noise Source Evidenced by Hall Sensor Experiments Toward Integration

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Abstract

Wide bandgap Gallium Nitride (GaN) technology promises to deliver the next generation of power transistors capable of high energy density and compact design integration however, without active monitoring high failing rates are recorded due to its instability to design parameter variations. Moreover, the electromagnetic (EM) radiofrequency (RF) emissions due to GaN power switching require extra design resources. Considering the extensive research area dedicated to galvanic isolated magnetic sensors for GaN wafer monolithic integration with usage in power monitoring, this study investigates the conditions that a Hall sensor is required to meet when operating in close proximity of a GaN transistor. Through considerable experimental testing, it was determined that the sensor requires a magnetic field starting from ±1 mT when interfaced with a microcontroller. Additionally, since the GaN transistor's EM RF switching noise was one of the most monitored parameters during the experiments, it was discovered that it is proportional to the transistor's current transfer area whereas its magnitude is due to electrical current required by the load. As a result of these findings, the EM radiated switching noise may apply to all electrical switches and provide a significant advantage when designing for EM compatibility (EMC).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13783 - 13794
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

2024 The Authors.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/),
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium,
provided the original work is properly cited..

Funder

10.13039/501100000266-Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) U.K. (Grant Number: EP/V026577/1)

Keywords

  • EMC/EMI
  • GaN transistor
  • hall sensor
  • magnetic field
  • RF emissions

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