Gait biomechanics in joint hypermobility syndrome: a spatiotemporal, kinematic and kinetic analysis

Najla Alsiri, Mary Cramp, Sue Barnett, Shea Palmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
42 Downloads (Pure)


Introduction: Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) symptoms of widespread joint hypermobility and pain, muscle weakness and reduced muscle-tendon stiffness suggest that there may be an impact on gait parameters. Identification of gait abnormalities may inform assessment and management. The objective in the present study was to use a cross-sectional designed study to explore the impact of JHS on gait parameters. Methods: A JHS group of 29 participants (mean age 37.57 (S.D. 13.77) years) was compared to a healthy control group of 30 participants (mean 39.27 (S.D. 12.59) years). Spatiotemporal parameters, joint kinematics and joint kinetics were captured using the Qualisys motion capture system synchronized with a Kistler force platform. Results: Statistically significant reductions in walking speed, stride length and step length were found in the JHS group, while stance and double support durations were significantly increased (p < 0.01). During the swing phase, the JHS group showed significantly less knee flexion (p < 0.01). Reductions in hip extensor moment, and knee power generation and absorption were identified in the JHS group (p < 0.01). No other gait parameters were significantly altered. Conclusion: The JHS group walked more slowly with a kinematic ‘stiffening’ pattern. Hypermobility was not evident during gait. The observed stiffening pattern could be a strategy to avoid pain and improve balance. Impairments in moment and power generation could be related to several symptomatic and etiological factors in JHS. Clinicians should carefully consider gait in the assessment and management of people with JHS targeting the impairments identified by the current study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-314
Number of pages14
JournalMusculoskeletal Care
Issue number3
Early online date22 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Alsiri, N, Cramp, M, Barnett, S & Palmer, S 2020, 'Gait biomechanics in joint hypermobility syndrome: a spatiotemporal, kinematic and kinetic analysis', Musculoskeletal Care, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 301-314, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.


  • gait
  • joint hypermobility syndrome
  • kinematic
  • kinetic
  • three-dimensional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Chiropractics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Gait biomechanics in joint hypermobility syndrome: a spatiotemporal, kinematic and kinetic analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this