Fuel spray vapour distribution correlations for a high pressure diesel fuel spray cases for different injector nozzle geometries

Darlington Njere, Nwabueze Emekwuru

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

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Abstract

The evolution of diesel fuel injection technology, to facilitate strong correlations of in-cylinder spray propagation with injection conditions and injector geometry, is crucial in facing emission challenges. More observations of spray propagation are, therefore, required to provide valuable information on how to ensure that all the injected fuel has maximum contact with the available air, to promote complete combustion and reduce emissions. In this study, high pressure diesel fuel sprays are injected into a constant-volume chamber at injection and ambient pressure values typical of current diesel engines. For these types of sprays the maximum fuel liquid phase penetration is different and reached sooner than the maximum fuel vapour phase penetration. Thus, the vapour fuel could reach the combustion chamber wall and could be convected and deflected by swirling air. In hot combustion chambers this impingement can be acceptable but this might be less so in larger combustion chambers with cold walls. The fuel-ambient mixture in vapourized fuel spray jets is essential to the efficient performance of these engines. For this work, the fuel vapour penetration values are presented for fuel injectors of different k-factors. The results indicate that the geometry of fuel injectors based on the k-factors appear to affect the vapour phase penetration more than the liquid phase penetration. This is a consequence of the effects of the injector types on the exit velocity of the fuel droplets.

Publisher Statement: This work is licensed under a Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems
EditorsRaul Payri, Xandra Margot
Place of PublicationPolytechnic University of Valencia
PublisherInstitute for liquid atomization and spray systems - ILASS
Pages192-199
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-84-9048-580-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017
EventEuropean Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems - Universitat Politècnica de València, València, Spain
Duration: 6 Sep 20178 Sep 2017
Conference number: 28
http://ocs.editorial.upv.es/index.php/ILASS/ILASS2017

Conference

ConferenceEuropean Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems
Abbreviated titleILASS2017
CountrySpain
CityValència
Period6/09/178/09/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

Diesel fuels
Nozzles
Vapors
Geometry
Combustion chambers
Fuel injection
Liquid fuels
Engine cylinders
Air
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Diesel engines
Engines
Liquids

Keywords

  • vapour
  • spray
  • k-factor
  • shadowgraph

Cite this

Njere, D., & Emekwuru, N. (2017). Fuel spray vapour distribution correlations for a high pressure diesel fuel spray cases for different injector nozzle geometries. In R. Payri, & X. Margot (Eds.), Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems (pp. 192-199). Polytechnic University of Valencia : Institute for liquid atomization and spray systems - ILASS. https://doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4951

Fuel spray vapour distribution correlations for a high pressure diesel fuel spray cases for different injector nozzle geometries. / Njere, Darlington; Emekwuru, Nwabueze.

Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems. ed. / Raul Payri; Xandra Margot. Polytechnic University of Valencia : Institute for liquid atomization and spray systems - ILASS, 2017. p. 192-199.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

Njere, D & Emekwuru, N 2017, Fuel spray vapour distribution correlations for a high pressure diesel fuel spray cases for different injector nozzle geometries. in R Payri & X Margot (eds), Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems. Institute for liquid atomization and spray systems - ILASS, Polytechnic University of Valencia , pp. 192-199, European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, València, Spain, 6/09/17. https://doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4951
Njere D, Emekwuru N. Fuel spray vapour distribution correlations for a high pressure diesel fuel spray cases for different injector nozzle geometries. In Payri R, Margot X, editors, Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems. Polytechnic University of Valencia : Institute for liquid atomization and spray systems - ILASS. 2017. p. 192-199 https://doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4951
Njere, Darlington ; Emekwuru, Nwabueze. / Fuel spray vapour distribution correlations for a high pressure diesel fuel spray cases for different injector nozzle geometries. Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems. editor / Raul Payri ; Xandra Margot. Polytechnic University of Valencia : Institute for liquid atomization and spray systems - ILASS, 2017. pp. 192-199
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abstract = "The evolution of diesel fuel injection technology, to facilitate strong correlations of in-cylinder spray propagation with injection conditions and injector geometry, is crucial in facing emission challenges. More observations of spray propagation are, therefore, required to provide valuable information on how to ensure that all the injected fuel has maximum contact with the available air, to promote complete combustion and reduce emissions. In this study, high pressure diesel fuel sprays are injected into a constant-volume chamber at injection and ambient pressure values typical of current diesel engines. For these types of sprays the maximum fuel liquid phase penetration is different and reached sooner than the maximum fuel vapour phase penetration. Thus, the vapour fuel could reach the combustion chamber wall and could be convected and deflected by swirling air. In hot combustion chambers this impingement can be acceptable but this might be less so in larger combustion chambers with cold walls. The fuel-ambient mixture in vapourized fuel spray jets is essential to the efficient performance of these engines. For this work, the fuel vapour penetration values are presented for fuel injectors of different k-factors. The results indicate that the geometry of fuel injectors based on the k-factors appear to affect the vapour phase penetration more than the liquid phase penetration. This is a consequence of the effects of the injector types on the exit velocity of the fuel droplets.Publisher Statement: This work is licensed under a Licencia Creative Commons Atribuci{\'o}n-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.",
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N2 - The evolution of diesel fuel injection technology, to facilitate strong correlations of in-cylinder spray propagation with injection conditions and injector geometry, is crucial in facing emission challenges. More observations of spray propagation are, therefore, required to provide valuable information on how to ensure that all the injected fuel has maximum contact with the available air, to promote complete combustion and reduce emissions. In this study, high pressure diesel fuel sprays are injected into a constant-volume chamber at injection and ambient pressure values typical of current diesel engines. For these types of sprays the maximum fuel liquid phase penetration is different and reached sooner than the maximum fuel vapour phase penetration. Thus, the vapour fuel could reach the combustion chamber wall and could be convected and deflected by swirling air. In hot combustion chambers this impingement can be acceptable but this might be less so in larger combustion chambers with cold walls. The fuel-ambient mixture in vapourized fuel spray jets is essential to the efficient performance of these engines. For this work, the fuel vapour penetration values are presented for fuel injectors of different k-factors. The results indicate that the geometry of fuel injectors based on the k-factors appear to affect the vapour phase penetration more than the liquid phase penetration. This is a consequence of the effects of the injector types on the exit velocity of the fuel droplets.Publisher Statement: This work is licensed under a Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.

AB - The evolution of diesel fuel injection technology, to facilitate strong correlations of in-cylinder spray propagation with injection conditions and injector geometry, is crucial in facing emission challenges. More observations of spray propagation are, therefore, required to provide valuable information on how to ensure that all the injected fuel has maximum contact with the available air, to promote complete combustion and reduce emissions. In this study, high pressure diesel fuel sprays are injected into a constant-volume chamber at injection and ambient pressure values typical of current diesel engines. For these types of sprays the maximum fuel liquid phase penetration is different and reached sooner than the maximum fuel vapour phase penetration. Thus, the vapour fuel could reach the combustion chamber wall and could be convected and deflected by swirling air. In hot combustion chambers this impingement can be acceptable but this might be less so in larger combustion chambers with cold walls. The fuel-ambient mixture in vapourized fuel spray jets is essential to the efficient performance of these engines. For this work, the fuel vapour penetration values are presented for fuel injectors of different k-factors. The results indicate that the geometry of fuel injectors based on the k-factors appear to affect the vapour phase penetration more than the liquid phase penetration. This is a consequence of the effects of the injector types on the exit velocity of the fuel droplets.Publisher Statement: This work is licensed under a Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.

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