From Socialist Icons to Post-Socialist Attractions: Iconicity in Central and Eastern Europe

Nicola Naumov, Adi Weidenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The 1989 fall of the Iron Curtain marked the beginning of new economic, socio-cultural and political realities for the former socialist states in Central and Eastern Europe. Along with the economic restructuring from statecentralised
to market economy, democratisation and liberalisation initiated a transformation of the socialist urban space, which was characterised by the changing role of its iconic landmarks. This conceptual paper examines these post-1989 changes, which range between the removal of these landmarks and their transition
into market led iconic and flagship attractions. The paper identifies the changing role of tourism from a top bottom orchestrated to a market led activity, which explains the transformation of some of these landmarks. It introduces a new framework for studying this process by suggesting that iconisation, de-iconisation and re-iconisation processes are interrelated to other strategies and approaches to the transition of the socialist urban landscape into a western market economy. The paper identifies avenues for further research and provides
some recommendations for improving the management of similar processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-press)
Number of pages15
JournalGeographia Polonica
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • iconicity
  • visitor attractions
  • tourism
  • flagshipness
  • socialism
  • heritage


Dive into the research topics of 'From Socialist Icons to Post-Socialist Attractions: Iconicity in Central and Eastern Europe'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this