Food sovereignty: An alternative paradigm for poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation in Latin America

M. Jahi Chappell, Hannah Wittman, Christopher M. Bacon, Bruce G. Ferguson, Luis Garcia Barrios, Raul Garcia Barrios, Daniel Jaffee, Jefferson Lima, V. Ernesto Mendez, Helda Morales, Lorena Soto-Pinto, John Vandermeer, Ivette Perfecto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Strong feedback between global biodiversity loss and persistent, extreme rural poverty are major challenges in the face of concurrent food, energy, and environmental crises. This paper examines the role of industrial agricultural intensification and market integration as exogenous socio-ecological drivers of biodiversity loss and poverty traps in Latin America. We then analyze the potential of a food sovereignty framework, based on protecting the viability of a diverse agroecological matrix while supporting rural livelihoods and global food production. We review several successful examples of this approach, including ecological land reform in Brazil, agroforestry, milpa, and the uses of wild varieties in smallholder systems in Mexico and Central America. We highlight emergent research directions that will be necessary to assess the potential of the food sovereignty model to promote both biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction.
Original languageEnglish
Article number235
Number of pages18
JournalF1000 Research
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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  • Activities

    • 1 Participation in conference

    New World Agriculture and Ecology Group (NWAEG International) 2012 Annual Meeting

    Michael Jahi Chappell (Speaker)
    11 Aug 2012

    Activity: Participating in or organising an eventParticipation in conference

    Cite this

    Chappell, M. J., Wittman, H., Bacon, C. M., Ferguson, B. G., Barrios, L. G., Barrios, R. G., ... Perfecto, I. (2013). Food sovereignty: An alternative paradigm for poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation in Latin America. F1000 Research, 2, [235].